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How to install CachyOS

Installing CachyOS

CachyOS is a powerful and feature-rich operating system, but it can be intimidating to install for the first time. This guide will walk you through the process, step-by-step, so you can have CachyOS up and running on your computer in no time.

System Requirements

Before you begin the installation, please ensure that your computer meets the following minimum system requirements:

  • 3 GB of memory
  • 30 GB of hard disk space
  • 1 GHz processor
  • HD graphics card and monitor
  • Broadband internet connection

For the best performance, it is recommended to have:

  • 4 GB of memory
  • 50 GB of hard disk space
  • An x86-64-v3 supported processor
  • 50 Mbps or better internet connection
  • A newer NVIDIA card (900+), AMD Graphics Card or Intel

Choosing Your Bootloader

CachyOS offers three different bootloaders for online installation: systemd-boot, Grub(3) and rEFInd. You will be asked to choose between the three when you click the Launch Installer button in CachyOS Hello. We recommend using systemd-boot as it is the simplest and results in faster boot times.

  • systemd-boot supports any filesystem.
  • Grub has some limitations with zfs and does not support all features of zfs but otherwise supports all filesystems.
  • rEFInd supports any filesystem.

Choosing Your Filesystem

When you install CachyOS, you can choose from the following five filesystems: xfs, ext4, btrfs, f2fs, and zfs.

  • XFS is a high-performance journaling file system that is particularly good at parallel I/O.
  • Ext4 is the evolution of the widely used Ext3 file system and offers improved performance, reliability, and features.
  • Btrfs is a modern copy-on-write filesystem with advanced features and a focus on fault tolerance and easy administration.
  • F2FS is a file system designed for NAND-based flash memory.
  • ZFS is an advanced file system created by Sun Microsystems that offers stability, speed, security, and future-proofing.

Desktop Environments

CachyOS offers several desktop environments for you to choose from, including the default option of KDE. The available options are:

  1. KDE Plasma is a comprehensive and flexible desktop environment that offers multiple styles of menus to access applications. It features the kwin window manager, and also works with Compiz. KDE Plasma also boasts an intuitive interface that allows you to easily download and install new themes, widgets, and more from the web.
  2. CuteFish is a sleek, modern, and efficient desktop environment built using Qt Quick and some KDE core frameworks. It has a design reminiscent of macOS.
  3. i3 is a popular tiling window manager known for its single, self-contained configuration file and its efficient use of screen space.
  4. GNOME is a user-friendly desktop environment with a touch-style interface for accessing applications. While it is easy to learn, it may have limited customization options and can be difficult to configure.
  5. Openbox is a highly popular window manager known for its excellent documentation and a wide selection of available themes.
  6. Wayfire is a wayland compositor based on wlroots that balances customization, extendibility, and aesthetics.
  7. XFCE is a lightweight and flexible desktop environment with a traditional drop-down/pop-up menu for accessing applications, and is compatible with Compiz. Customization may require some effort to match personal preferences.
  8. LXQt is a lightweight desktop environment formed from the merger of the LXDE and Razor-qt projects and built with Qt.
  9. bspwm Tiling WM for X11, written in C, dynamic layout (tiling, stacking, tabbing), windows represented as binary tree leaves.
  10. Cinnamon is a desktop environment for Linux that balances advanced features with a traditional user experience.
  11. UKUI is a lightweight desktop environment that is efficient and works well on older computers. It uses both GTK and Qt technologies, and has a visual appearance similar to Windows 7, making it user-friendly for new Linux users.
  12. Hyprland is a visually pleasing Wayland compositor that uses dynamic tiling. It comes with preconfigured dotfiles.
  13. Budgie is a simple and elegant desktop environment built using the GTK toolkit. It is designed to provide a modern and attractive interface that is easy to use, while also being highly configurable.
  14. LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) is a fast and energy-saving desktop environment designed to be used on older computers and resource-constrained systems. It uses Openbox as its default window manager and focuses on providing a simple, clean and user-friendly interface.
  15. Mate Desktop is a traditional desktop environment forked from GNOME 2. It is characterized by its classic look and feel, with a simple and intuitive user interface. Mate provides an easy-to-use and highly customizable desktop experience for users who prefer a more classic look and feel.
  16. Qtile is a X11 window manager that is configured with the Python programming language.

Workarounds

Offline Installation Keyring issue

Terminal window
sudo pacman-key --init; sudo pacman-key --populate; sudo pacman-key --lsign cachyos

KDE Plasma Wayland Taskbar not working

With Plasma 6 and a fresh Installation plasma seems to have issues when clicking on the taskbar, for example on the networkmanager icon. This can be simply resolved when logging into X11 instead of Plasma Session, clicking on the networkmanager button and then go back to Wayland

This is an upstream bug and should be solved in the future.